Sydney Harbour & Coastal area
6 April 2018
Australia’s cruise gateway and one of the world’s most beautiful ports of call
Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the natural harbour of Sydney. The harbour is an inlet of the Tasman Sea (part of the South Pacific Ocean).
It is the location of the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge. The location of the first European settlement and colony on the Australian mainland, Port Jackson has continued to play a key role in the history and development of Sydney.
Many recreational events are based on or around the harbour itself particularly the Sydney New Year’s Eve celebrations and the starting point of the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race.
There are several islands within the harbour, including Cockatoo Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site at the junction of the Parramatta and Lane Cove River. Between 1839 and 1869, Cockatoo Island operated as a convict penal establishment, and was also the site of one of Australia’s biggest shipyards, operating between 1857 and 1991. Listed on the National Heritage List, the island is significant for its demonstration of the characteristics of a long-running dockyard and shipbuilding complex.