9 March 2019
Delhi is a city and a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India. According to the 2011 census, Delhi’s city proper population was over 11 million, the second-highest in India after Mumbai, while the whole National Capital Territory’s population was about 16.8 million. Delhi’s urban area is now considered to extend beyond the NCT boundaries and include the neighboring satellite cities of Faridabad, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad and Noida in an area now called Central National Capital Region (CNCR) and had an estimated 2016 population of over 26 million people, making it the world’s second-largest urban area according to United Nations.
Delhi has been continuously inhabited since the 6th century BCE. Through most of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of various kingdoms and empires. It has been captured, ransacked and rebuilt several times, particularly during the medieval period, and modern Delhi is a cluster of a number of cities spread across the metropolitan region.
Also located in Delhi, visit the posts below part of the UNESCO World Heritage series.
Humayun’s tomb is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India. The tomb was commissioned by Humayun’s first wife and chief consort, Empress Bega Begum in 1569-70, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas and his son, Sayyid Muhammad, Persian architects chosen by her. It was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, and is located in Nizamuddin East Delhi, India.
It was the first structure to use red sandstone at such a scale. The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993. Besides the main tomb enclosure of Humayun, several smaller monuments dot the pathway leading up to it, from the main entrance in the West, including one that even pre-dates the main tomb itself, by twenty years: the tomb complex of Isa Khan Niyazi, an Afghan noble in Sher Shah Suri’s court of the Suri dynasty, who fought against the Mughals, constructed in 1547 CE.
Delhi Red Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site – It is a historic fort in the city of Delhi in India and was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty for nearly 200 years, until 1856.